|CELLFOODŽ - Surface Tension Study
Augustine Scientific - Specialists in Surface
and Interface Science
|Results and Discussion
In a recent study conducted at Augustine Scientific Research Center, surface tension as a function of concentration for CELLFOODŽ in a glass of water was measured using a Kruss Processor Tensiometer K100 with automated dosing.
The surface tension of ordinary tap water is approximately 73 mN/m (dynes/cm). The surface tension of extracellular body fluids is much lower at approximately 40 mN/m (dynes/cm). This low surface tension is critical to healthy cellular function, absorption of nutrients, and the removal of toxins. A higher liquid surface tension causes the surface to act like a stretched elastic membrane inhibiting absorption while increasing molecular resistance.
The surface tension of the tap water (control) was calculated to measure 72.8 mN/m (dynes/cm). Two separate controlled dilution experiments were conducted simultaneously; one as drops per 8 oz. of water, and the second as %wt stock solution of CELLFOODŽ. The results were statically identical; in both tests, CELLFOODŽ was shown to reduce surface tension to 40 mN/m (dynes/cm), the same surface tension of extracellular body fluids.
It was observed by Dr. Christopher Rulison, Ph.D., that using Avogardo's multiplication number of 6.02 x 1023 molecules/mole gives the value of 51 billion surface active molecules per square millimeter at the surface of a glass of water containing 8 drops of CELLFOODŽ. Dr. Rulison also noted regarding the molecular dimensions of CELLFOODŽ (4-7 nanometers in size), "we figure a standard molecular radius of gyration as (length)3/2 then your enzymes and amino acids could be expected to occupy between 43/2 = 8.0 sq. nanometers and 73/2 = 18.5 sq. nanometers each at the surface. However, since a square nanometer = 1012 sq. nanometers, each of the 51 billion molecules at the surface has19.6 sq. nanometers of free space - more than is necessary for complete rotation." An unfortunate but common necessity for nutritional supplement manufactures known as denaturing (packing 3-5 times the amount of protein at a surface that a radius of gyration argument would follow) to assist with absorption. Because of the specific hydrophobic residues and small molecule surfactants, CELLFOODŽ can pack in surface spaces upwards of 50 to 100 times below its radius of gyration in water; denaturing is not necessary due to its amphipathic nature.
Kruss Processor Tensiometer K100 with automated dosing
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